|Motto : From each according to ability, to each according to need.|
|Anthem: The sweet Home of Bears|
Full version: click here
|Important cities|| Portovii, Ozersk, industrialinii,|
Naycnov, Beachii, Ostrovnoi
|Spoken Languages||Official: Russian, English|
- Judicial branch
- Executive branch
- Legislative branch
- Chamber branch
- Eldars branch
- Governing political party
| Â· Socialist democracy|
Head Leader, Army
Representatives, make laws
- as city-state
- as Occidoroma
- as a kingdom
- as a temporary collective
- as an informal federation
- as a constitutional republic
21 November 1503
- % water
- Total (2006)
3,900,000,000 (AO: 18th)
- Total (USD)
- GDP/capita (USD)
|Canus vulpazuli |
Pacitalian blue fox
|Gladiolus grandiflorus |
Pacitalian broadleaf date palm
|CHDI (2006)||0.966 (6th) â€” very high|
|Currency||1 bearchik (B) = 100 zemlei (Bz)|
|Time Zone||AOTC +0600 / +0800|
|Main document||The Constitution of Bearzemlia|
| International Abbreviations
| Naval Craft Classification
Thanks for a Template, I will edit the page in 2 days. in no way to plagarize the situation.The Democratic Capitalist Republic of Pacitalia or Pacitalia, Pacitalian: la Repubblica Democraticali e Capitalista di Pacitalia (listen), Spanish: RepÃºblica Democratica y Capitalista Pacitaliana, Romanian: RepublicÄƒ Democraticaliu Capitalistului ai PaÃ§italia, Greek: Î”Î·Î¼Î¿ÎºÏÎ±Ï„Î¯Î± Ï„Î± Î Î±ÏƒÎ¹Ï„Î±Î»Î·Î¬, is a highly developed and fully democratic country in Atlantian Oceania. It comprises an L-shaped land mass and 219 islands lying to the west of the mainland in Il Marazuli, the Pacitalian name for the ocean dividing the Democratic Capitalist Republic from the nations of Falcania and Hypocria. Pacitalia is a member state of the Union of World Powers and the Organisation of Maritime Powers alliances, among others.
Pacitalians, as they are known, are generally an economically conservative but socially libertarian people, committing to the cause of capitalism but, at the same time, showing compassion through donations to causes for developing countries and supporting domestic policy that is liberal, like the legalisation of same-sex marriages in 2002. Although not the most libertarian nation in the world, residents and foreigners enjoy high social and economic freedom combined with fantastic scenery, a beautiful language and an insurmountably unique culture that, in the words of former prime minister Rabastano Pietro Grazzo, is "admired by many and envied by more".
Generally, Pacitalian foreign policy displays peace before war, in the matter that the Progressive Democrat government attempts to bring the two sides of a dispute to a peaceful compromise instead of war, but that is not to say the Pacitalian government is unwilling to defend their interests at home and abroad. As for the Pacitalian government structure, it is a specialised and unique system. Pacitalia uses what is known as the BCDR system, or 'bicameral constitutional democratic republic system'. Like a republic, there are two main leaders in the nation, however, there is no president; the prime minister serves as both the head of state and head of government. The prime minister is, therefore, in effect the president of the country, while the senior deputy prime minister is like the prime minister in a republic. The talk of reform to a true republic has been one of the hottest beats of domestic policy since the late 1990s.
Overall, Pacitalia is a safe, welcoming nation that wows any visitor and embraces any person. Consistently, the nation is rated in the top five overall national destinations by NationStates residents, and has snagged the top or second spot seven of the last ten years. This entry is meant to increase your knowledge of Pacitalia while explaining some of the unique qualities of the nation.
- 1 People and Culture
- 2 Education
- 3 Sports
- 4 Politics and government
- 5 Justice and law
- 6 Economy
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Communication
- 9 International Relations
- 10 Military
- 11 History
- 12 Geography
- 13 The Environment
People and Culture
Race, ethnicity, life and population
The Pacitalian population, overall, is about to pass four billion, and there are nearly two billion more Pacitalians living abroad. Aztecs and Mayans, the original inhabitants of the lands known now as Pacitalia, account for a mere 0.006% of the population, and are classified in the "Other" category during census taking. Residents are predominantly ethnic Pacitalian but the nation maintains a multicultural distribution with sizeable Spanish, Romanian, Greek and Turkish minorities. The remainder is made up of of a wide diversity of other ethnicities like Russian, German, Dutch, Moroccan, Algerian, Scandinavian and Chinese.
Life expectancy in Pacitalia is extremely high and currently stands at an average of about 91 years. Pacitalian health care is privatised but still maintains a high standard of cleanliness, effectiveness and safety. Health care for foreigners is free in emergency situations, otherwise all users have to pay a small fee for services.
Pacitalia is famous for its all-around intelligence and athletic prowess but it is the scientific and artistic realms that have earned Pacitalia its worldwide reputation as a unique cultural experience. Pacitalia remains a nation of philosophers, scientists, musicians, artists, leaders and diverse political beliefs that unite under the banner of freedom and love.
A large percentage of non-Pacitalians seem to think of the many residents of this nation as prim and proper do-good subjects of the Catholic faith and have a highly conservative background. This is only true to some extent. Pacitalians are, in the general sense, a mostly libertarian nation and one accepting of other cultures, races, beliefs and creeds. For the most part, Pacitalians do not try to force their beliefs on others, in addition to that acceptance of others.
For more information on law, see the Justice section in this article.
Despite this, Pacitalia itself displays a large sense of formality, putting a large emphasis on cultural ceremony and popular patriotism. Personal wealth is important in this capitalist society but not necessarily a symbol of status. Personal freedom is highly cherished in Pacitalia and is mostly conventional law but deviancy is despised. People are very direct and on the point, and that may be considered obnoxious, but in a sense it is just the Pacitalian way of accomplishing tasks or greeting people.
Pacitalian culture is based mainly on the Italian way of life: enjoyability, longevity and experience. Music and food play an integral role in Pacitalian life. The musical style of ethnic Pacitalia remains still a mystery in some aspects but experts agree that it is mostly based on a mixture of Italian, Spanish, Greek, Turkish and Romanian folk music. Marsa, a section of Pacitalia's largest city, Timiocato, is heavily populated with gypsies, or Roma, and is famous for its melancholy folk style.
Meanwhile, the food in Pacitalia is widely considered the best the world has to offer. Heavy emphasis is visible on fresh pastas and vegetables, open-fire meats, dairy, oils, hot soups and desserts. However, Pacitalian cuisine is so encompassing that many dishes include other types of meats or meat alternatives (eggs, seafood), and a growing fusion-cuisine movement has grown, with many new Asian-fusion restaurants dotting the nightlife of Pacitalia's cities. As well, the minority groups of Pacitalia have contributed their own homeland cuisines, creating a vibrant culinary experience that no other country seems to offer.
|Detailed references located at: Pacitalian language, Pacitalian cuisine|
Holidays and customs
The following is a list of the major statutory holidays in Pacitalia.
|1 of January||New Year's Day|
|23 of February||Day of Men|
|8 of March||Day of Women|
|1 of May||Labor Day|
|17 of May||Day of Foundation|
|1st Frieday of June||Sport's Day|
|16 of August||Day of Nature|
|1 of September||Day of Education|
|31 of December||New Year's Eve|
Universal suffrage (voting, drinking, smoking) is 20 years of age. Legislation lowering the voting age to 16 (1094 R26 J3175 11/2005) may pass through the two chambers by spring 2006.
Pacitalian law provides the citizens with high freedom levels, and freedom of religion is not excluded from this. Ninety-eight percent of the population lists themselves as being of a certain faith. Of this, 63 percent claim themselves Catholic, 28 percent claim themselves Orthodox and six percent claim themselves to be Protestant. A further three percent are of the Islamic faith, two percent are Atheist or Agnostic, and the remaining one percent are of other faiths.
Languages are a large part of Pacitalian life because of the cultural diversity the country contains. English is a learned language, not native, but it is an official language as the government does most of its business in it and nearly all of the people speak it. Pacitalian is the only native official language, in which, like English, nearly 100% of Pacitalians speak it. 24% can speak Greek, 18% can speak Romanian, 12% can speak Spanish and 3% can speak Turkish. A majority of the citizens are trilingual to some extent.
Age of students: 3-5 years
This is the first education where young Pacitalians learn basic skills like reading, writing, basic verbal communication and positive interaction. Rudimentary education lasts until the year in which the student reaches the age of five, but enrollment does not have to take place at three years old, meaning some students are only in RE for one year while some are in it for two. This does not tend to ultimately make a difference in a student's communication skills and intelligence.
Age of students: 5-13 years
Once RE is completed, students move up to primary school, which consists of Early Childhood Education in the student's first year where they build on their basic communication and interaction and improve their reading skills. This is also their first year in mathematical and problem solving activities. Once ECE is completed, students go through stages (grades) 1-7, improving their mathematical, scientific, social and linguistic skills along with creating a foundation for musical and physical ability.
Age of students: 13-18 years
Students move into SE when they complete PE in the seventh stage. In stages eight through 12, the students are further educated, and critical thinking is introduced. This education period helps to build leadership and co-operation skills along with introducing new forms of enrichment in the form of specialised studies. Students graduate when they have completed their stage 12 year and passed all of their government written examinations for courses that include such a test.
Post-secondary or tertiary education
Age of students: minimum 18 years
To begin a post-secondary education, stage 12 or an international equivalent must have been completed. Pacitalia has numerous high-quality post secondary institutions that have earned Pacitalia the title of being one of the best places for students to learn abroad. Of course, Pacitalia is more centred on its own students than international students, but about 80 million foreign students call this country home during the school year. Students do not have to attend post-secondary but a lack of this education severely limits a person's career choices and their occupational opportunities later in life.
A quick look at Bearzemlia's recent achievements:
- World #1 Ice Hockey
- World #1 Chess
- World #2 Archery
- World #3 Basketball
- World #4 Horce Racing
- World #5 Long-distance running
- World #7 Swimming
- World #9 soccer
Politics and government
The Constitution of the Republic calls for a 'true, unbreakable democratic system', in which plurality elects both the lower house (the Caza della Legislatorio Parlemento) and the upper house (the Senatoro) in general federal elections two weeks apart, at least once every fifth year. Usually, elections are called every fourth year, but the law extends the legal period of governance to that extra year. The bicameral constitutionalised democratic republic system, or BCDRS, is also used in Moepoeia, and elects, by direct, popular vote, 240 representatives to the Caza della Legislatorio Parlemento, and 120 representatives to the Senatoro.
The Prime Minister is the head of state and head of government. The Senior Deputy Prime Minister is appointed by the Prime Minister and assumes the prime ministership if the incumbent passes away or resigns. The Junior Deputy Prime Minister takes over the position of SDPM in this scenario. This system has received minor criticism and the government is open to reform, but no suitable, cost-effective manner for reforming this system has surfaced since the issue climbed onto the political radar about ten years ago.
In an election, the leader of the party who receives the most constituencies at the end of the electoral count becomes Prime Minister and his party forms the government. The second-highest polling party becomes the official opposition to the government and its leader becomes Leader of the Opposition. Currently, the Federation of Progressive Democrats holds the governing position with 129 of 240 seats in the CLP and 61 of 120 in the Senatoro. The Greens are the opposition with 71 seats in the CLP and 34 in the Senatoro. Timothy Ell is the Prime Minister, Adrian Copilul-Minune is the Senior Deputy Prime Minister and Neros Constantakis is the Leader of the Opposition.
|Party||Leader(s)||Description||Percentage of Seats in the CLP||Seats in the CLP of 647 and Senatoro of 293|
|Federation of Progressive Democrats||Constantino Sorantanali||The Federation of Progressive Democrats (FPD/ProDems) describes itself as 'a party based on balanced nationalism'. The FPD is an economically conservative party but also holds socially liberal values. It favours much higher defence spending while lowering taxes and eliminating wasteful social programs, keeping only what is necessary. The FPD is synonymous with Pacitalia as most Pacitalians share its belief of a strong economy combined with a strong social fabric. This party has been governing Pacitalia for the last 17 years, and for 62 of the last 100 years, in its various incarnations (Pacifist, Capitalist and FPD).||54.25%||351, 150|
|Pacitalian Social Coalition||Fernando Chiovitti||The Social Coalition Party (SCP) is the second major political party in Pacitalia. The SCP is a socialist party with moderate-left economic beliefs and moderately-libertarian social beliefs. It should represent most of Pacitalia's truly leftist people, mostly students and unionised employees, but in the last election the SCP was criticised for not being socialist enough and that was the main reason for the Greens' rise to opposition status, replacing the SCP who had held it for sixteen years before them. Fernando Chiovitti is not to blame for this drop in popularity, as he inherited the party from Aracio Partiva, the man who had been rather ineffective in maintaining party support for this organisation, the second-oldest in Pacitalia. Chiovitti is singlehandedly responsible for the resurgence of the PSC back into the position of Opposition Party.||25.19%||163, 74|
|Green Party of Pacitalia||Neros Constantakis||The Green Party of Pacitalia (GP) is now a major political party. Though only one year old, it has defined itself of this, coming from almost no support as a fledgling organisation of pro-environment Pacitalians to being the opposition third party in that short space of time. The party is economically centrist and socially extremely libertarian. Some say the Greens may prove a weak opposition because they have nearly similar economic beliefs as the FPD and approve of a large percentage of the FPD's new pro-environment economic laws that have been recently implemented, along with the governing party's determination to lead the world charge in the search for permanent or long-term renewable energy sources. Those same people argue that the most likely scenario of Green opposition to the government will be a push for more libertarian social policy.||10.82%||70, 34|
|Non-Partisan Association||Aria Speranza||The Non-Partisan Association (NPA) is the main centrist party in Pacitalian politics, formed when FPD caucus members split from the Federation because they felt the views of centrist, non-confrontationalist Pacitalians were not being properly heard by a right-of-centre party. Aria Speranza has guided the NPA into the position of fourth party in just one election, a remarkable feat in an electoral system that favours brokerage parties like the FPD and PSC.||6.34%||41, 26|
|Partia di Traditionale||Marco Quirinamo||The Partia di Traditionale (PdT) is an ultra-conservative, sometimes neofascist party which advocates greater religious involvement in the government and a revert to traditional social values, which obviously means the removal of pro-same-sex marriage legislation that was implemented three years ago. The party is broken, as its leader, Marco Quirinamo, inherited the party merely days before the last election when the board of governors fired Roberta Santo Paraggia. It was a factor in the elections, most definitely, as the PdT, which was actually expected to gain from having a male leader instead of a female one, lost seats and support and dropped to fifth, allowing the Communists to jump into fourth, a group they definitely despise. Quirinamo has worked hard to draw former PdT supporters back to the fold, and it paid off in the 2006 election as they added to their seat totals in both houses, even though their percentage of seats decreased.||2.32%||15, 6|
Justice and law
Pacitalian domestic law is by no means lax, but the high personal freedoms mean that Pacitalian law, in itself, is more liberal than other countries. Pacitalia, until recently, continued to use death by starvation as a form of capital punishment, but due to pressure from international human rights watchdogs, the practice was discontinued. Now, the only remaining form of capital punishment comes from lethal injection.
Below are some punishments for law-breaking:
- Treason or Conspiracy: min. life, max. death by lethal injection
- First-degree murder: min. 20 years, max. death by lethal injection
- Manslaughter: min. 10 years
- Tax Evasion: min. 5 years
- Hit and Run: min. 1 year if the victim dies, the charge is elevated to manslaughter
- Marijuana Trafficking over 100g: min. 3 months
- Break and Enter: min. 10 days
- Petty Theft: min. 5 days
|Detailed reference located at: Carta Proposera di LibertÃ|
Pacitalia's economy rivals many other countries for the title of strongest in the world. The economic strategy is full-blown capitalism, meaning nearly no government intervention in the operation of the economy, and the types of goods and services produced in the nation are extremely diverse, capitalising heavily on natural resources and technological innovations. Pacitalia is becoming a founding nation of alternative energy sources and is a major source of renewable energy and renewable energy innovations.
Pacitalia operates a free market-based economy which has little regulation from the government. However, the government's bureaucratic division responsible for the authority over the economy, the PTIC (Pacitalian Trade & Industry Commission), places a priority on product safety and quality. All industries in the country have been privatised (ferries, beaches, national parks, garbage, prison networks, transportation). All industries are allowed to operate freely, although the government also strictly enforces environmental, labour, and product safety laws.
Poverty levels are almost none, despite having no welfare system. There is still at least one area in each city where less-fortunate people live, though the numbers of them are less than 100. The country is devoutly capitalist and places no priority on the aid to less-fortunate. This creates a higher work ethic from citizens because they know if, for example, they were laid off from their job, they would not be able to rely on handouts, which would obviously be non-existent. The government offers reasonable pensions, meaning people may have to work into their early seventies (however, with the high life expectancy, this is not much of a problem for older citizens). The government has fully privatised health care and places a priority on education funding. The government encourages local enterprise, and embraces foreign investment in the country. Minors can start work as early as 13 years of age, however, they are not legal adults until 20.
The following are select major economic figures:
- GDP: $227.6 trillion
- GDP per capita: $61,466.21
- Unemployment rate: 2.6%
- Major sectors: Services - 58%, Industry - 25%, Agriculture - 9%, Innovation - 5%, Other - 3%
The GDP and GDP per capita are considerably higher than that of other capitalist states because of Pacitalia's enormous EEZ (exclusive economic zone). As well, the GNP has a substantial carryover which positively affects the size of the GDP.
Pacitalia boasts one of the most efficient and most developed networks of transportation in the world, with kilometres upon kilometres of road, rail and marine routes and over 100 international airports. This status was solidified in 1984 with the final stage of construction of the first-generation autostrada superhighway system, most of which still exists today (such as the routes followed).
Pacitalia has six major international hubs but over 100 international airports. The major airports are Timiocato Santo Ragazzo (TSR), Nortopalazzo Centraliterra (NCT), Mandragora International Skyport (MGI), Sambuca Sigraduma (SCA), Amita International (AMT) and Puntafora International (PFA). As one of the world's most popular tourist destinations, Pacitalian airports handle nearly 200 million passengers per day, on average.
A-class / Autostrada
Pacitalia's autostrada network is highly developed, consisting of hundreds of thousands of kilometres of paved highways. Run by a semi-private corporation called Autostrade per l'Italia SpA, the network contains 44,721km of six-lane or greater highways known as the autostradamu. The network is so developed that today, 96% of Pacitalian land is within 100km of one or more autostrade. The five busiest autostrada highways are:
- The A10 from Timiocato to Nortopalazzo.
- The A1 from Timiocato to Puerta Vallarta.
- The A3 from Timiocato, through Saronno and Capagatta to Athalone.
- The A4 from Sambuca, through Nortopalazzo and Mandragora to Saronno.
- The A33/A50 from Nortopalazzo, through Sapuntoli to Mandragora.
The autostrada / A-class highways are designated as the busiest and most important routes. There is one numbering rule with the autostrada highways - the number code that goes with the letter A must not be more than two digits (i.e. A1 or A95). This rule has been excepted five times for the circumferential routes around five of Pacitalia's major cities (the A101 in Timiocato, the A303 in Saronno, the A404 in Nortopalazzo, the A505 in Mandragora and the A808 in Monterio).
Autostrada route markers have the red, green and white section of the flag on the top-right, the blue and white cross on the top-left and the letter P at the crown of the rectangle. The letter A is small and placed to the left a bit, while the route number is in slightly enlarged text. This is done only because the autostrada route marker is the only one with graphics on it (the flag), making it easy to identify on first glance.
B-class / Betastrada
Smaller artery highways that have four or six lanes and cross equal or slightly smaller ranges of land area are designated B-class, or betastrada. They are different from A-class roads in that they can only have a three-digit representation code (i.e. B195 is a valid route number but B19 or B5 is not). B-class are similar to A-class, however, in that they can be located anywhere around Pacitalia, and even connect two towns with fewer aggregate people than one neighbourhood in Timiocato.
As mentioned, the autostrada routes are the only ones with the flag on the route marker, so to differentiate better on a first-glance look at a route marker, B-class highways are usually marked in yellow-orange on highway signage. (Autostradas are marked in white.)
C-class / Camino Rurali
C-class highways have less than four lanes but may stretch across large areas of terrain. However, their purpose as large-volume traffic and goods transportation methods is nonexistent, meaning that traffic on C-class roads is usually confined just to local passenger traffic. C-class roads are marked in light blue on highway signage.
When bridges are not available, Pacitalia's main ferry service provider is the half-and-half private/public PaciFerries. It has usually hourly service to and from nearly 150 destinations (140 of them on the Pacific side of the country). Other private providers exist but only make up 10% of total service and 8% of the market share. Fast ferries travel between Pacitalia and Automagfreek within an average 8 hours.
Railways play an integral part within point-to-point public transport in Pacitalia. Many kilometres of track with MAGLEV capability connect numerous cities in Pacitalia and around the Gholgoth region.
Pacitalia boasts a highly-developed telephone, media and satellite communications web, along with numerous points of wireless internet access. Public telephones are everywhere, and there are nearly one hundred different television and radio stations at personal access at any time of the day. Many international customers receive Pacitalian television networks, programming, movies or radio stations through Pacitalia's nine civilian satellites.
Major telecom companies
Pacitalia has three major telecom companies, one of which was formerly a state-owned operation but now is fully private. That corporation manages 40% of Pacitalia's market share.
- Telecom Pacitalia (40.17% market share)
- tnpSonera ** (26.84% market share)
- Avea (15.38% market share)
** - Merge-acquired Euroslavian telecom company EuroTelecom on 22 September 2005
Major media outlets (TV, radio, print)
In television, Pacitalian viewers are treated to four world-class television networks which deliver all types of domestic and international programming. The Pacitalian Broadcasting Corporation, known better as PBC, is by far the largest network, but the three other main English-language networks hold their own quite well. These three are the Pacitalian Television Network (PTN), TelePacitalia (TPac) and the Independent Television Stations Cooperative Network of Pacitalia (TSP). As for networks in Pacitalian, Consiglianto Televisione alla Pacitaliana (CTP) and Radiotelevisione in Lingua Pacitaliana (RLP) hold sway over that market. Smaller networks exist to serve the Spanish, Romanian and Greek communities as well. Pacitalia's main news provider, PNN (Pacitalian News Network), also broadcasts nationally and internationally.
The PBC commands national radio as well, with owned & operated stations running across Pacitalia. PBC also has interests in smaller radio networks. PTN and TPac have recently been in talks with a string of independent operators and the Pacitalian Radiotelevision Communications Commission (PRCC-CRCdP) to take control of those assets and create a rival network to PBCRadio. However, there is a misconception in which many people believe PBC holds a majority of the radio market, when in fact, they do not. They are simply the leader in market share, but they still have a noticeable minority, at only 36%.
Daily national newspapers such as La Repubblica Oggia (Pacitalian) and Pacitalia Today (English), both published by the parent company of the Pacitalian News Network, circulate as the top two print reads in the country. Tabloid-style dailies do exist but are not as popular because of the negative image they've been given as a result of the original system of tabloid journalism. National news magazines are also published on a weekly, bi-monthly or monthly basis. The most popular of them is The Economist.
The country used .pc until 2004, when it became nearly full capacity with domains. As a result, .rp was added in October 2004. .pc stands for Pacitalia, while .rp stands for Republic of Pacitalia.
Pacitalia remains a member of numerous alliances. The major ones are listed below:
- Organisation of Maritime Powers
- Union of World Powers
- Collective of Advanced Special Forces
- International Security Alliance Force
- Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
- Group of Six economic superalliance (G6)
- Knootian International Stabilisation Treaty
- Pacitalian-Euroslavian Free Trade Agreement
Pacitalia maintains cordial relations with many countries. The strongest relations exist with:
- Yafor 2
- Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
- Space Union
Knooti-Pacitalian relations were thought to have mainly been established over the Knootian company Pink Bunny Cola Incorporated's expansion into Pacitalia, but this is not true. The domestic policy and social belief similarities between the two nations played an enormous role in the establishment of relations with Pacitalia and most of the nations seen above.
|Detailed reference located at: Immigration and Customs TSL scale|
The Pacitalian military consists of five major branches: the Pacitalian Armed Forces (PAF), Pacitalian Naval Forces (PNF), Pacitalian Aeronautical Guard (PAG), Pacitalian Emergency Task Force (PETF), and the special operations group Special Attack Force Delta (SAFD). Minimum age for military service is 18 years. Currently, the total number of Pacitalians enlisted either as active or reserve stands at 45,874,000, with 384.7 million Pacitalians ready for military service at any time.
|Detailed reference located at: Pacitalian Defence Forces|
- 20 AD - Roman sailors end up at present-day Murano, and set up city-states along the Caribbean coast.
- 77-103 - First war in the new lands between the Pacis Nova and Athalonium city states.
- 105 - Truce between Pacis Nova and Athalonium, surprise attack by the Canconum city-state leaves the former two in ruins and defeated.
- 215 - Pacinovian Revolt returns the balance of power in the city-states to Pacis Nova and Athalonium.
- 221 - Canconum eradicated.
- 285 - Five city-states (Pacis Nova, Athalonium, Carinthium, Paestum and Dobragantium) merge to become the Holy Empire of Occidoroma (Occidoromanum in English). Population of Occidoroma: 25.4 million
- 342 - First battle with the Mayans at Capus-Carninum (70km west of present-day Athalone).
- 356 - Mayans defeated once more at Chichen Itza.
- 416 - Third Mayan-Occidan battle at Raputa-Logorinus nearly destroys Mayan race.
- 552 - Battle of Samusoria leaves only 2,300 Mayans alive - the latter officially surrenders after four straight defeats. In return for their surrender, the Occidoromans designate the sacred sites of Xpu-Ha and Xel-Ha as Protected Lands of the Empire.
- 604-610 - Great Plague (determined most likely to be a combination of leprosy, dirty drinking water and influenza) kills 55% of the population in six years. Mayan race eliminated (from disease) shortly thereafter.
- 656 - Reforms, combined with a sense of separation (geographically and culturally) from the mother country, lead the Occidoromans to form the Kingdom of Terra Occidentalia (Kingdom of the Western Lands) with nine districts (the present-day provinces of Amalfia, Antigonia, Beracanto, Capitale, Caribero, Fentomeria, Gulfera, Liguria and Pomentane). The first king, Rodolphus, serves 54 years.
- 1177 - Popular Revolts occur: citizens grow tired of corrupt kingdom and the crushing poverty of all but 1,000 aristocrats in Pacitalia.
- 1219 - Last king, Luis IV, overthrown and murdered.
- 1221 - Temporary Collective of Pacitalian Provinces established while a more permanent replacement to the Kingdom is derived.
- 1284 - Federation of Pacitalian Provinces proclaimed as a transitional phase to a democracy.
- 1503 - Republic of Pacitalia established on 21 November.
- 1758 - Mexo-Pacitalian War, Pacitalians defeat the Mexicans and gain nearly all of the latter's territory.
- 1876-1946 - Immigration influx sees large numbers of Greeks and Romanians come to Pacitalia.
- 1965 - First Liberal government in 44 years elected.
- 1985-87 - Conservative government under Giorgio Cassata nearly destroys the country's economy and attempts to form an authoritarian, one-party state. Legislation fails and Cassata has no choice but to resign.
- 1988 - Francesco Santo Ragazzo elected.
- 1996 - Santo Ragazzo dies of a heart attack while asleep.
- Timothy Ell elected.
- 2000 - Ell and Agus. of Defence Eleftherios Venizelos Jr. named to the International "Dream Cabinet".
- 2003 - Pacitalia celebrates 500th year of established existence.
- 2005 - Timiocato selected as the host of the 2012 Summer Olympic Games.
|Detailed references located at: Pacitalian History, List of Pacitalian Prime Ministers|
Location, Frontiers and Area
Pacitalia is located on Foringana in Atlantian Oceania, south of Izistan and Space Union, northwest of Amarenthe and south and west of Moepoeia. The total land area of Pacitalia is 3,898,290 sq km, with 3,008,815 sq km consisting of land and the remaining partition, 889,475 sq km consisting of water. In comparison to a real-life country, Pacitalia is about 400,000 sq km larger than RL India. Pacitalia shares borders with Izistan (2093km), Space Union (1131km), Amarenthe (501km) and Moepoeia (316km).
Climate and Terrain
Pacitalia's climate is a tropical wet and dry, meaning the country experiences hot summers, and warm winters, with a moderate, seasonally imbalanced amount of precipitation. The terrain is sloped, heavily vegetated within 100 km of the Pacific Coast between Puerta Vallarta and Timiocato; steppes and mountains north to south in the centre, dry, rocky deserts in the north and northeast; heavily vegetated within 100 km of the Gulf of Pacitalia / Bay of Amita and Caribbean coast. About 12% of Pacitalia's land is arable.
|Timiocato, Pacitalia|| July High: 39.2°C
July Low: 21.0°C
January High: 28.5°C
January Low: 12.1°C
|Il Monterio, Pacitalia|| July High: 42.5°C |
July Low: 24.0°C
January High: 21.6°C
January Low: 8.1°C
|Sobrefema, Pacitalia|| July High: 35.5°C
July Low: 18.1°C
January High: 22.9°C
January Low: 10.1°C
|Murago, Pacitalia|| July High: 33.8°C |
July Low: 22.8°C
January High: 25.6°C
January Low: 14.7°C
Current environmental issues for Pacitalia include minor deforestation caused by uranium mining, coal-burning utilities and vehicle emissions impacting on agricultural and forest productivity, and ocean waters receiving slight contamination from agricultural activities. Pacitalia also is considered one of the nations that, by 2050, may be "water-stressed", or have a lack of present, fresh, potable water supply. To correct this, the three levels of government, in cooperation with environmental agencies and corporate contractors, are implementing 62 desalinisation and water treatment plants along the coasts to pump in salt water and convert it to fresh water. Both the salt product and water product will be treated, and the salt will be used for commercial use. The fresh water product will become part of the national water supply.
There are numerous natural hazards which Pacitalia has faced and may face again in the future including brush fires in the interior, hurricanes (Carib.), typhoons (Pac.), heavy winds, thunderstorms in the southern belt, earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, volcanic ashflows and liquefaction. Many of these natural disasters can have their damage effects minimised; the government and people are working hard to implement strategies in this regard.
Pacitalia is a party to the following international environmental protection agreements: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Eutrophication Prevention, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94 and Wetlands. None of them have been signed without ratification.
- Atlantian Oceania on NSwiki
- Main articles: Atlantian Oceania, AO QuickInfo
- Nation pages: 95X, Acarionne, Amarenthe, Atheistic Right, Az-cz, Bazalonia, Bettia, Bostopia, Chacor, Crystilakere, Delesa, Demot, Falcania, Fmjphoenix, Geisenfried, Hypocria, Iizaarland, Khazaron, Kura-Pelland, Lamoni, Lontorika, Manhattan Prime, Maraque, Milchama, Morgrugyn, Nedalia, New Montreal States, Nojika, Northern Bettia, Nova Britannicus, NSWC Signups, Oliverry, Pacitalia, Quakmybush, Sarzonia, Schiavonia, Spruitland, Starblaydia, Tempalhiyon, The Islands of Qutar, The Lowland Clans, Turori, Ubundi, Unified Capitalizt States, Vephrall, Vilita, Walsallia, Western Afghanistan, Wulaishen
- Regional info: Atlantian Oceania Regional Defence Organisation, Atlantian Oceania Regional Free Trade Organisation, Atlantian Oceania UN Voting, Lake Bekk, Major airports in Atlantian Oceania
- Sports-related: AO Bowl, AO Champions League, Atlantian Oceania Cup of Association Football (AOCAF)
- For more information or to see non-listed pages, please see Category:Atlantian Oceania.