|National motto: "Through Sense We Prevail"|
|National anthem: "On Billopeshian Ground"|
Location of Billopesha in the Region of Rineu (green)
|Population||1 273 423 000 (18th October 2007)|
|Suffrage||All citizens aged 18 or over|
|Official Language(s)|| English (main), Latin,|
|Government|| Constitutional monarchy|
- New Kingdom
|ISO Nation Code||BIPA|
|Currency|| connaro (|
|• Summer (DST)||RST (UTC+6)|
|Calling Code|| |
| National Symbols
|Info: NationStates NSEconomy Pipian NS Tracker XML|
Billopesha (pronounced 'Billowpeesha', officially the Constitutional Kingdom of Billopesha) is a state located among the collection of large islands that make up the Region of Rineu. It lies on the second largest island to the north east corner of the region with Fahadia as its neighbouring nation to the west. The nation of Dukam is located on a seperate island to the south. Billopeshain territory also includes four small islands called 'The Four Posts' along the north east coast and a larger island two miles off the northern point called the Isle of Avalon.
Billopesha is a member of the Silvereye Confederacy and holds the seat to the 'Grand Stage of Politics' which gives the nation high prestige. Billopesha is a significant historical country as it has a long history and ancient culture, which have produced many archetectual marvels. It's capital, Billopec was the first city to be founded on the islands and is known as a historical world city. It has also been a member of the Justice Alliance since 1972. The nation-state was unified from a collection of 18 latin states in 1732 and was then subject to a part takeover by the Empire of Hontock as well as suffering during a number of other wars. Billopesha's infamous rivalry with the nearbly Empire of Hontock is still present today after over 2000 years.
Today, Billopesha is a constitutional monarchy, but has only recently abandoned it's short-lived parliamentary republic after the Billopeshian Civil War. The nation has a unique government system characterised by the Berroll System. The current monarch is Grand Lord Richard VI who was reinstated after the collapse of the Democratic Republic of Billopesha. The current Chancellor (head of government) is Aaron Thorne, the past Prime Minister of the republic. Billopesha is a loyal member of the United Nations and has two Developed Productive Colonies (DPC's) located in the region of the European Union and The Last Kingdom.
- 1 Name
- 2 History
- 3 Government and Politics
- 4 Administritive provinces
- 5 Geography
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Economy
- 8 Transport
- 9 Military
- 10 Culture
- 11 See Also
- 12 External Links
The word "Billopesha" derives from a very ancient form of Latin meaning "modest culture" (Billo-pesha). The name was given by King Oliver Billopec who founded the country in 563BC who named it, referring to their own family name "Billopec" which similarly means "modest people" (Billo-pec). This refers back to the Billopec Family from Kenacirron.
When Billopesha formed it’s own language, Beluwreng, Billopesha was translated as "Beunaspotea" (pronounced 'Beeownusputeea'). Although this was never officially used, many of the indigenous natives referred to it as that name.
As The Confederates were once all owned by Billopesha, they were all once known as the Billopeshian Isles. This name has never been used since the formation of the other Confederate nations. The same situation was applied for the people of the Confederates, who were also collectively known as 'Billopeshians'. This label, though, has remained and is still considered valid as all native Confederate people were Billopeshians, but the reference is discouraged so is rarely used.
- Main article(s): History of Billopesha
Parts of Billopesha’s active history can be seen in many places in Rineu. The earliest proof of human inhabitancy of the country was dated to around 170 000BC from human remains that were uncovered in the northern part of the country. From there, it appear that a number of primative tribes developed and these slowly became small states. The first Latin state was established when the island of Rineu was discovered in 563BC by the Billopec Family. Oliver Billopec founded the settlement of Billopec and a state was officialy established as it expanded from the city, forcing back the indigenous natives.
King Oliver then formed the Billopeshian civilisation. Its languages were Belluwreng (writing) and Aenbreannec (speaking) and believed in the religion of Guduffa, one of the first religions to believe in one God. As Billopesha’s military power was weak, they were unable to stop the seperatist uprising in the Hontopeshian Revolution (207BC) where the Empire of Hontock was formed and Billopesha lost much of its territory. Billopesha’s military power grew, with a new rival at its borders, leading up to the Honto-Billopeshian War (173 – 168BC), which began with the loss of the region of Bironta. Billopesha's victory in the war and the Silvereye Revolution of 171BC saw the start of the Billopeshian Empire, but also the loss of much of its original territory with the formation of Bironta.
In 41BC, the Billopec Family merged with the Roman Imperial Family through adoption to form the Billopeshus Family. The Billopeshus Family subsequently made the Billopeshian Empire part of the Roman Empire and expanded through the Confederates until 288AD, when a rebellion ended the Roman Occupation. From there, the Billopeshian Empire expanded greatly and spread into mainland Rineu where it established their cultural mark there. Billopesha became a powerful, wealthy nation with a strong economy and miltary force.
It then, again, became part of the Western Roman Empire (407 – 411AD) when Constantine III inherited the throne. But Constantine's short tyrannical rule brought an end to the Billopecian Empire and brought Billopesha into a dark age. It later suffered in the Tullowtan War (677-685AD).
Billopesha then had a revival in power when it joined a crusade to the Holy Land in 1223. The crusade proved more than successful when Billopesha took over Jerusalem and soon expanded to Antioch and and Damascus. It defeated the Turks and made a grand alliance with the Byzantine Empire (whose imperial families were related), before aiming towards the east. It was initially defeated by the Mongols who severely halted the empires expansion but soon gained superiority in 1256. The empire expanded to Samarkand where Billopesha made it a leading trade city. The was a Royal Crisis which lasted from 1304 - 1327. The empire lasted until 1346, when the Black Death hit the empire. The empire was weakened and then the empire was taken over by the Turks and the Mongols.
Since then, the nation has been effected by the Billopeshian Civil War (1746 – 1772) and, more recently, the Twenty-Two-Year War (1972 – 1994) against Hontock. Kings ruled it until 170BC, Emperors until AD832 and then Lords. In 2005, a small-scale conflict broke out between the Imperialist Enterprise and the Republican Federation in the Political War. The Republican Federation won and the monarchy was abolished, replaced by a constitutional republic.
Government and Politics
- The government of Billopesha is currently in transition. See Template:Government and Politics of Billopesha for current government setup or Democratic Republic of Billopesha for the old system.
|(as of 02/10/07)|
|Previous Home Region(s)||The West Pacific (birth region)|
|Current Home Region||Rineu|
|Representative||Grand Lord Richard VI, Minister for Regional Affairs|
|Current Positions|| Assembly Member |
(since 18th March 2007)
Under-Minister for NSwiki
|Past Positions|| NSwiki Officer |
(19th April - 27th May 2007)
Minister of the Interior
|Regional Influence||Ambassador (Rank #14)|
|Endorsements (UN Members)||11|
Billopesha is very influential in The Confederates and has close relation with the other five countries. Billopesha is a member of the Silvereye which is the international organisation that joins Billopeshian politics profoundly with the other members, Bironta, Derenny and the Frissian Isles. Foreign relations have improved over the years as Billopesha had been seen as an imperial giant in the past. When the monarchy collapsed, Billopesha joined the Republican Federation which allied the nation to the other members further. Billopesha's closest ally is Bironta. Billopesha has now gained high recognition as an important nation in Rineu which exerts good influence on other nations.
Relations with Hontock, the only Confederate nation to not join the Silvereye, are as bad as they have always been. There is still a great rivalry between the two countries that can also be seen throughout the two country's history. Billopesha and Hontock are not unified in any way and are in fact unified against each other. Billopesha put through the creation of the Justice Alliance to combat Hontock's efforts to gain superiority in 1972. All the other Silvereye nations joined the alliance and collectively declared war. Hontock set up the Sharkcutter Union Corporation to combat the alliance.
Billopesha also has good diplomatic relations with countries outside of The Confederates. Being part of the Union of Rineu and the United Nations, Billopesha is attached to many other countries politically which has enables the country's influence to further widen towards the world stage.
In Billopesha, there are 18 administrative provinces which are further divided into 50 constituancies.
Billopesha is the second largest country of The Confederates after Hontock with a total area of 53 770 sq km and consists of a main section located on an island shared with Hontock and Bironta and three smaller islands, two located off the north coast and one to the north west, near the Hontockain coast. The main island is surrounded by the Cordial Sea to the north, east and west with the south side bordering Hontock and Bironta. Most of the country's industry is located in the south with major ports on the coast while rural areas are to be found in the north. Billopesha is also considered as the most environmentally stunning nation of The Confederates as well as ranking high in Rineu overall.
Billopesha consists mostly of lowland terrain with a small range of mountain to the east of the centre called the Yennetts. This highest mountain of the range is Mt. Orbi which is also the highest of The Confederates at a height of 2013 metres. The capital, Billopec, lies at south foot of the mountain. Billopesha is known for its lush Perresta Forest which is located to the north of the Yennetts and houses a great deal of wildlife including geckos that attract a number of tourists. There are a number of small lakes scattered around the flat grassland with other areas of high rocky hills. The main rivers and estuaries of Billopesha are the Tanii, Niktus, Roose and the Billopec Estuary. The Billopeshian coastline is mostly flat, allowing for a amazing display of long sandy beaches, mostly on the north coast, to form which have become a great tourist attraction. Another famous geographical feature is the very dry Golden Plateau which has its northern region located in the south of Billopesha. This shows a great diversity in the geographical features of Billopesha caused by its diverse climate.
The climate in Billopesha is very diverse which is caused by high exposure in the north west and low exposure and warm currents in the south east. There are three main types of climate that can be found in Billopesha. These three types divide the country into three sections and are described below:
- Oceanic Climate - This type of climate is found in the north-west region of Billopesha where there is significant exposure from the cold north-west wind that comes from the North Pacific. This means the north-east has quite warm mild winters while having summers that are not hot. The seasonal temperatures are therefore quite consistent and rainfall is apparent at any point of the year, the wettest month generally being November and the driest being June. Mist and fog are very common along the west coast due to high humidity. Average winter temperatures range from 9 - 14°C and in the summer they range from 12 - 26°C.
- Mediterranean Climate - This type of climate is found in a smaller area to the north-east where it comes into contact with warm currents from the south. This leads to very low rainfall and warm temperatures all year round. The area is protected from northerly winds by mainland Rineu to the far north. Average summer temperatures range from 12 - 18°C while summer temperatures range from 22 - 34°C. The highest temperature in the country was recorded here at 42°C.
- Continental Climate - This leads to irregular rainfall and high evaporation rates, leaving land arid. This climate is what created the Golden Plateau in the south where temperatures are warm in the summer but cold in the winter, causing widespread frost despite low rainfall. There is a rainy season from March to May, but rainfall remains unreliable. Temperatures are a little less extreme on the coast and the warm summers attract many visitors. The average temperatures in the summer range from 23 - 29°C and in the winter the range is from 3 - 8°C. The lowest temperature in the country was recorded here at -9°C.
Cities and Urban Areas
- Billopec ~ 26 870 000
- Rosebury ~ 24 200 000
- Masilla ~ 21 450 000
Largest Urban Areas
- Greater Rosebury ~ 25.23 million
- Inner Billopec ~ 24.45 million
- Outer Billopec ~ 22.15 million
Billopesha has a rapidly increasing population which is set at about 816 578 000 as of 2 August 2007. It is the second largest population of The Confederates after Bironta but the population is considered low compared to the other nations of Rineu. The population density is the highest of The Confederates with the most people living towards the middle of the country and in mostly suburban areas. Billopesha has an adult literacy rate if 98%, the highest on the Confederates which is related to compulsory education from the age of 4 - 18.
Migration and ethnicity
Billopeshian is known as a mono-cultural state and has a low ethnic diversity. This is due to strong nationalism from both the government and the public. The government strongly discourages migration from and into the country, disagreeing with multiculturalism as they go by the Acumist ideology which specifies that cultures shouldn't be mixed. Despite this, migration between The Confederates is very apparent. Anyone who wishes to immigrate into the country must go through extensive testing and agree to oblige with Billopeshian culture. This includes obliging with the Christian/Acumist religion and fluently knowing the English language. Immigrants urgently escaping from danger or depravation in another country are allowed to freely migrate into Billopesha's Developed Productive Colonies but must agree to return once they have no purpose anymore. Despite the apparent anti-multiculturalism, the people of Billopesha are known to be welcoming to those immigrants who are able to enter. Emigration is frowned upon with the government stating that any concerns should be put forward and will be gladly accepted.
|Ethnic Group||% of total|
Billopesha has three official languages which are nationally culturally accepted. The de jure official language is English which is spoken by 98.5% of the population, whether it be a first or second language. The language was introduced gradually during the 18th Century by English-speaking immigrants and was adapted into the Billopeshian culture. The other official languages are the native dialects of Belluwreng and Aenbreannec which are spoken by 38% of the population, either as a first or second language. These were the ancient languages spoken by about 86% of the population from the 5th Century BC to the 18th Century AD. Latin is another native language spoken mostly in ancient times and is mow only used for religious and cultural purposes, spoken by 1% of the population. It was the original language that was spoken by the Billopec Family who founded the nation so was very influential in the creation of the other native languages.
Historically, Billopesha has been a very religious nation with Roman Catholicism being the most prominent of all. This has been profoundly fixed into the culture with a collection of ancient Christian monasteries built around the country, which are still in use today. The native religion was Guduffa, a religion that was one of the first to believe in one God due to early inspiration from the east. It was then replaced by Christianity, which was introduced during the Roman Invasion in AD407 and became official in the 8th Century. There were no other religions which had an affect on Billopesha until recently, when Buddhism grew in popularity. This has then staged the beginning of the ideology of Acumism which has its own set of religious principles. Since it's formation in 2001, it has grown rapidly, presenting itself as a rival to Christianity. Religious tensions, though, are low due to the apparent harmony between the two ideologies and Christianity still remains the main religion of Billopesha.
|Religion||% of total|
|— Roman Catholic||35%|
|Theosophy of Acumism||28%|
The Billopeshian economy consists of multiple private enterprises and a significant government intervention. Private enterprises are strictly regulated by the government to highly decrease the chance of 'monopolisation' and corporate takeovers. One major government policy in economics is globalisation, which in Billopesha is strictly controlled to preserve the national industry and stop the exploitation of other nations. Billopesha does though engage highly in trade, making Billopesha one of the biggest importers and exporters in the whole of Rineu. This commerce, which makes up 38% of the nations GDP, helped to build an extensive manufacturing industry that mainly focuses on automobile manufacturing. This industry is centred around the infamous business district that surround the capital of Billopec. Also in that business district is based a growing financial service with the Billopec Stock Exchange and the National Billopeshian Bank, also joined by many international companies which frequently choose to set up braches in Billopesha. Billopesha is seen as the banking centre of The Confederates and it is the richest country of the islands.
Billopesha also has a thriving agricultural sector which is carried out on the country's substantial low fertile land. So there is a considerable amount of farming that is greatly added by advanced modern technology. Farming has made Billopesha a leading exporter of foodstuffs and the income amounts to 31% of the nation's GDP. Billopesha has a significant private sector that focuses on book publishing and soda sales. There is also an industry in textiles and tourism is also a valuable source of the Billopesha’s income as the nation receives over 30 million tourists every year. Another large source of income is from gold imports that are received from Derenny. The government is increasing growing public sector spending as the tax rate increases, especially for the wealthy.
Billopesha has a very efficient and prominent transport system which is organised and is influenced mainly by public opinion via local government councils. The government Department of Transport has a system where public transport is prominent in the cities due to a successful park-and-ride system. The capital, Billopec, has an extremely extensive version with massive out-of-town multi-storey car parks. The settlements of Billopesha were lucky to be able to set up such a system due to the fact that many of the old buildings that make up most of the towns do not allow an efficient car system. This meant that the system was set up early with trams and buses. The transport is funded by it being highly privatised with many retail businesses owning their own bus department, paying for the transport with the ability to stop at their retail stores. This, though, is highly regulated by the Department of Transport.
The rail network is run by the National Rail Enterprise which other than being used largely for cargo transport, is used as public transport for long-distance journeys. The rail network connects all major cities and interacts greatly with Billopesha's neighbouring country's rail network companies. The Billo-Derennian Rail Tunnel runs under the Golden Channel from Billopesha to Derenny.
Billopesha has a number of busy ports with the majority of business being located at Billopec Dock, the Billopeshian centre of trade. The grand network of ports sees hundreds of ships enter and exit the ports every week. Billopesha only has a small amount of airports, with the main one being the International Airport of Billopec.
The Billopeshian State Forces (BSF) are Billopesha's armed forces which consist of six branches:
- State Army (SA)
- State Navy (SN)
- State Air Force (SAF)
- State Counter-terroist Force (SCTF)
- State Ultimate Special Force (SUSF)
- National State Police Force (NSPF)
The SA, SN, SAF, SCTF and SUSF are managed by the Ministry of External Security which is itself run by the Council of Defence. The BSF is allied with the Justice Alliance, a association of the Silvereye, which is governed by the Justice Defence Council (JDC). The Commander-in-Chief is the Head of State who is the Prime Minister and holds a seat in the JDC but the military is generally run by the External Security Agency (ESA) which is the external intelligence agency. The SUSF is the independent force which uses weapons of mass destruction including comprehensive nuclear arsenal. The Billopeshian military is restricted to national defence and can only engage in international missions as part of the Justice Alliance.
The NSPF is the police force of Billopesha which is split into a number of sections as part of the Police, working alongside the Internal Police Agency (IPA). The NSPF is managed by the Ministry of Internal Security. Its duty is to defend the law and keep civil uprisings in order. Unlike in many national police institutions, the NSPF is more independent from the IPI.
The BSF is currently reported to have about 943 000 personal but most are used in general day-to-day internal peace keeping so most wouldn't be fit for international missions. There is no conscription laws active in Billopesha and are never strict when they are active. The last time the BSF was involved in conflict was during the Political War of 2005 where they were attempting to stop civil conflict by the Republicans. Currently, there is no alarm but Billopesha's neighbouring rival is a threat. There are alert guards near the border but tensions are generally low and the rivalry remains just a cold war.
10% of Billopesha's GDP is spent on defence as of April 2007.
Billopeshian culture is a very nationally unified culture due to long history as one whole state and has a very sacred a prominent collection of traditions and customs. There is a strong cultural and historical heritage and the nation has contributed significantly internationally. It holds a large number of historically important buildings and monuments from its extensive history. Billopesha is a prominent figure in Education, Philosophy, Literature and Cinema. The nation is home to some of the most prestigious universities including Ruby University in Billopec, Jeriyame University, Darsonite College and Bridge College. There are currently 153 universities/colleges in Billopesha.
Billopesha is a leading nation in Philosophy with a large number of prominent philosophers dating from the country's foundation and an institute named the Billopeshian School of Philosophy. An recent revival in philosophy was pioneered by the current Prime Minister, Aaron Thorne, who in 1994 set up the Acumist Society, beginning the popular life ideology of Acumism. Billopesha has also presented some of the best works of literature by the best authors, most of which are written in the English and Latin Languages. The most famous one is Rose and Crown (1854) by Marie Tellworth.
In the movie business, Billopesha has become a prominent figure with the largest and most powerful media corporation being the Sunstone Entertainment Group (SEG). The group mainly deals with cinema with its infamous Newgale Studios in Pentagern, but also engages in other media including television and radio. Billopesha has a number of famous directors and actors that help to make the wide variety of critically acclaimed films. Directors include Tim Price, Martin Hopewell, Feourona Tessay and Richard Jeresian. Actors include Jacob Scott, Natalie Longdale and Crissel Miyron. Popular films include North to South (1996), Desert Combat (1967), Secret Connection (2001), Royal in War (2005), Loving Life (1987) and The Extraordinary (2003).
The major broadcasting company in Billopesha is the People And Life Corporation (PALC) who operate a number of channels in English including PAL 1, PAL 2, PAL Live, PAL Sport, PAL News and PAL Politics. Other language channels include PAL Latin and PAL Abnec. (Aenbrannec). All companies produce some of their own television programmes and receive funds by having an equal percentage of TV licensing fees and an equal percentage from commercial advertising. Other broadcasting companies include Handspan Company and Fridass Media Corporation.
Newspapers are very popular in Billopesha with the top newspapers being The Daily Crown, The People's Times, The Daily International, The Orange and The National Star. They are written in English but there are translations made into Latin and Belluwreng that can be accessed via subscription. They are all privately owned except The National Star which is a government owned newspaper.
|January 1||New Year's Day|
|March 6||Silvereye Foundation Day|
|July 2||Carnival Day|
|August 24||Justice Day|
|November 14||Day of the Republic|
|December 25||Christmas Day|
|December 31||New Year's Eve|
- Main article(s): On Billopeshian Ground
- List of Billopeshian monarchs
- List of Prime Ministers of Billopesha
- List of Presidents of the People's Representatives
|Democratic Republic of Billopesha|
|History:||History of Billopesha | Billopec Family | Billopeshus Family | List of Billopeshian monarchs|
|Politics:||Politics of Billopesha | Central Acumist Party | List of Prime Ministers of Billopesha | List of Presidents of the People's Representatives|
|Cities:||Billopec | Masilla | Rosebury|
|Individuals:||Aaron Thorne | George V | Richard VI | Alexander Billopec | Harry Redway | Ivan Billopec | Timothy Darwin|
|Miscellaneous:||Acumism | On Billopeshian Ground|
|Billopesha on NationStates|
|The Silvereye Confederates|
| Silvereye — Acumism |
| Sovereign States: Billopesha — Bironta — Hontock — Derenny — Brecke — Frissian Isles |
|Nations in Rineu with NSwiki pages|
|Current Members: Federation of Rineu (Founder), Agretla,|
| Ex-members: Boshka, Dyonistan, Laststandb, Neudegg, Niploma.|