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Nation: Cikoutimi
Function: Capital
Population: 2.3 million
Leader: Gèle Nigoumja

Cheboné is the capital of Cikoutimi and also its largest city and its third oldest continuously inhabited settlement (after Lème and Nabourj).


The name is derived from Akes Mersanint Saiponea, meaning "Town in the Marsh". The marsh it refers to has been exhausted in the 6th century CE.

Via Alim Jebonea it entered French as Cheboné and then was passed to Chicoutim as Ceboné.

Its name in the three official languages:

It also has a number of traditional names in other languages of the Akes Mersanint family:

In most other languages, it usually is written in a way to most closely reproduce the Chicoutim sound:


Early Settlement

Excavations have unearthed structures that indicate the area was settled by pre-Marani people as early as 1500 BCE.

Not much is known of these first settlers, but they seemed to have had knowledge of agriculture and animal domestication as documented by pen-like structures found in the modern-day suburb Loupan of Ceboné.

Marani Colonization

The first Marani arrived on the eastern coast of Cikoutimi about 500 BCE. Whether the pre-Marani settlement in the Ceboné area still existed at that point or had been abandoned by its inhabitants is unknown at this point.

Three distinct villages have been located in what constitutes modern-day Ceboné, the largest of which is found under today's Old Village of the city.

These early settlers were members of the Ekubeanani tribe and thus fell under the jurisdiction of the Ekubeanani Tribal Kingdom, which lasted until 67 CE, when its capital Parpanea was conquered by Halani forces.

Halani Empire

Ceboné seems to have been conquered in 65 CE, a year Halani sources cite as the "fall of Saiponea". By then, the early three settlements apparently had already merged into a single town.

The Halani Emperor Meauseragui declared Ceboné the capital of the newly conquered province Ekubeanapouphea. This move triggered a wave of immigration to Ceboné, not only by Halimi officials sent there, but also by members of other local tribes who hoped to find new opportunities in the city.