Emirate of Abu Omar

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The Emirate of Abu Omar


Provincial flag Coat of Arms
Motto Dominus illuminatio mea.
Capital Ajaman
  - Official
  - Unofficial

  Sultan -

Mohammed ibn Al-Quuadi

183,885 km²
71,479 sq mi
Region United Federal Kingdom of St Samuel
 - Total (2007)


Abu Omar (Arabic: أبو عمر , translated as 'Father of Omar.'), officially the Emirate of Abu Omar, is an emirate occupying a small section of the south coast on the Pellina island. It is bordered by Abu Hana to the east, Muhtaseb to the north and Haythamia to the north-west. The capital city is Ajaman (pronounced Arr-sha-maan).


From around 2000BC to 1200AD the Arab lands, inlcuding Abu Omar, were ruled by the Pellinese Empire. For ancient Abu Omar history between 2000BC and 1200AD see the history of the Pellinese Empire.

After the collapse of the Pellinese Empire around 1208AD a prominent high-ranking noble, Abdullah Al Yasmine rose to power in the region which became known as Bab-El-Sama (Door Of Heaven), which covers the area of modern day Abu Omar and Abu Hana. Al Yasmine was a wise and popular leader and the country prospered under his rule.

Upon his death in 1271, his son Enam Al Yasmine became Sultan of Bab-El-Sama. Like his father, Enam proved to be a popular and worthy leader of the people, but in 1294, the poorly defended coastal towns suffered heavy raids by Kylos tribesmen from Samah Island. Five years later the Sheikhdom of Muhtaseb invaded Bab-El-Sama and after an 8 year war Bab-El-Sama fell to the hands of Muhtaseb. Sultan Enam Al Yasmine fled to Samah Island where he remained until his death in 1318.

The Sheikhdom of Muhtaseb held power in Bab-El-Sama for the next 80 years, with a number of unsuccesful revolts and rebellions in 1322, 1328, 1341, 1343, 1364 and 1383. The 1383 rebellion was led by Enam Al Yasmine's grandson Hafiz Al Yasmine, which failed and saw Hafiz return into hiding on Samah Island.

In 1391, Hafiz Al Yasmine led a second invasion and this time faired far better and at the end of a seven year war had wrestled power of Bab-El-Sama back. Bab-El-Sama entered a period of re-building and Hafiz spent the majority of his time building up a strong army.

In 1414 Hafiz led his army into the Muhtaseb province of Lariya and for the next eleven years fought the Muhtasians, where upon Hafiz was successful and virtually doubled the size of Bab-El-Sama. Hafiz died in 1439 and power passed to his son Zaim Al Yasmine. Zaim proved to be a weak leader and under his rule lost large sects of Lariya to the dismay of his brother Shaden, who in 1447 took power from his weak brother. Shaden Al Yasmine was a far more competent leader than his brother, having served as a General of a large army. Shaden led his army personally and once he had won back the lost territory in Lariya he continued the war into Muhtaseb Superior. It took 16 years for Shaden to completley conqour Muhtaseb and it was Shaden himself that slayed the Sheikh of Muhtaseb.

After his heroic victories in Muhtaseb, Shaden set about a period of diplomacy and construction and towards the end of his reign some of the nations most historic and amazing buildings were constructed. Shaden lived into his 90's and upon his death in 1507 his son and daughter, Omar and Hana shared power. The country was split into two Emirates, Abu Hana Bab-El-Sama and Abu Omar Bab-El-Sama. Omar Al Yasmine continued the use of Sultan as his title and took the Muhtaseb province, whilst Hana Al Yasmine, took the title Emira and the province of Lariya.

In 1673 the Muhtasians, supported by the Southern Holdinia Empire fought a vicious war against Abu Omar Bab-El-Sama and in a short two year war, the Muhtasians won back there independence.

By 1704, Sultan Nasr Al Yasmine, dropped Bab-El-Sama from the countries name and shortened the title to the Emirate of Abu Omar.

From 1799 to 1804 the Southern Holdinia Empire supported by Hassia and Makaoui invaded the Emirates of Abu Omar and Abu Hana, in an attempt to gain control of the vital Baba Canal. The Emirates of Abu Omar and Abu Hana quickly recruited the help of St Samuel, becoming protectorates of St Samuel. By November 1804 St Samuel and it's allies were victorious over Southern Holdinia.

The Baba Canal War was a small conflict compared to the Great War of Pellina which began in 1812 and saw nearly the whole of the Pellinese Island become a battle ground, where the Arab states allied themselves with either St Samuel or Southern Holdinia. The Great War of Pellina ended in 1827 with victory for St Samuel and it's allies and ending Southern Holdinia's time in the Arab lands.

Abu Omar remained a protectorate of St Samuel for over 100 years until in 1898 the country was granted independence and full power handed over to the Sultan.

Recent History

On the 22nd of November 2007, the people of Abu Omar voted to become an emirate of the United Federal Kingdom of St Samuel, making the region a federal emirate.


Abu Omar is a Constitutional hereditary emirate. The Sultan also known as Sheikh appoints the prime minister. A council of ministers aids the prime minister in his task as head of government which must contain at least one of elected members of the parliament. The number of ministers must not exceed ⅓ of the elected members of the parliament. The government headquarters and parliament is the Burj Yameen.

Prior to 1980, only 15% of the Omari citizen population was allowed to vote, with all women and members of the armed forces excluded. On May 16, 1980, Parliament permitted women's suffrage by a 35-23 vote, subject to misconcepted Islamic law and effective for the 1982 Parliamentary Election.

Recently, the former Prime Minister Sabah al-Tawika announced the appointment of Dr Mae Al-Diawa as planning minister and minister of state for administrative development affairs. The appointment of a woman as a cabinet minister was a major breakthrough in the Omari political system.


Abu Omar is situated on the southwest coast of the Pellina island and is roughly at sea level (16 m above). The emirate of Abu Omar shares its borders with Abu Hana to the east, Muhtaseb to the north and Haythamia to the north-west .

Abu Omar lies directly within the Pellinese Desert. However, the topology of Abu Omar is siginficantly different from that of the southern portion of the Pellinese island in that much of Abu Omar's landscape is highlighted by sandy desert patterns, while gravel deserts dominate much of the southern region of the country. The sand consists mostly of crushed shell and coral and is fine, clean and white. To the southeast of Abu Omar, the salt-crusted coastal plans, known as sabkha, give way to a north-south running line of dunes. Further east, the dunes grow larger and are tinged red with iron oxide.

The sandy desert supports wild grasses and occasional date palm trees. Desert hyacinths grow in the sabkha plans in the east, while acacia and ghaf trees grow in the flat plains in the west. Several indegenous trees such as the date palm and neem as well as imported trees like the eucalypts grow in Abu Omar's natural parks. The houbara bustard, striped hyena, caracal, desert fox, falcon and Arabian oryx are common in Abu Omar's desert. The lavender cactus is a tree known only to grow naturally in Abu Omar's desert's.

The waters of Abu Omar are home to more than 300 species of fish, which makes Abu Omar a popular scuba diving destination.

Administrative divisions

The Emirate of Abu Omar consists of 14 'Districts.' These are:

  • Ajaman District
  • Merdif District
  • Al Satwa District
  • Omar Pines District
  • Emirate Hills District
  • Khordassa District
  • Al Muhammed District
  • Al Ali District
  • Al Quassa District
  • Sheikh Faisal District
  • Sheikh Ibrahim District
  • Old Omari District
  • Jasmina District
  • Al Drya District


Before the discovery of oil the economy of the Abu Omari region focused on fishing and pearling. The discovery of oil reserves, beginning in the 1940s, completely transformed the nation's economy. Now the country has a high standard of living, with many social services offered to its citizens and all the amenities of any modern nation.

Abu Omar's national income primarily derives from oil and natural gas exports. The country has oil estimated at 55 billion barrels, while gas reserves in the giant north field which straddles the border with Abu Hana and are almost as large as the peninsula itself are estimated to be between 800-900tcf (Trillion Cubic Feet - 1tcf is equal to around 80 million barrels of oil equivalent).

Omaris' wealth and standard of living compare well with those of other nations; While oil and gas will probably remain the backbone of Abu Omar's economy for some time to come, the country seeks to stimulate the private sector and develop a "knowledge economy". Since the finding of oil the government has began various projects with the aim of attracting tourism and business.


The population of Abu Omar is 49,000,000 (est. May 2007). Of these it is estimated that just over half the population are expatriates and foreign workers, with the majority coming from other Arab countries and St Samuel.


Abu Omar explicitly uses Wahhabi law as the basis of its government, and the vast majority of its citizens follow this specific Islamic doctrine. Wahhabism is a puritanical version of Islam which takes a literal interpretation of the Qur'an and the Sunnah. Wahhabism takes a more tolerant form in Abu Omar than in other puritanical Muslim nations.

Almost all Omarian women wear the black abaya; the government, however, does not impose the style universally. The abaya is mainly passed down from generation to generation and is still present because of the traditional values of the country.


Abu Omar is home to several International and local private schools and universities.

Primary and secondary schools

  • Abu Omar Grammar School
  • Abu Omar Indian School
  • Abu Omar International School
  • Al Galawa School
  • Al Noodha National Schools
  • Al Makawi School
  • The St Samuel Community School of Abu Omar
  • The St Samuel International School in Abu Omar
  • The Allanean School
  • International Community School
  • Islamic School of Abu Omar

Colleges and universities

  • Abu Omar College of Business
  • Abu Omar Aerospace Enterprise University
  • Abu Omar Police Academy
  • Abu Omar Aviation College
  • Ajaman University of Science and Technology
  • Ajaman International College
  • Ajaman Medical Academy
  • Ajaman Pharmacy College
  • Institute of Management Technology Abu Omar
  • Islamic & Arabic Studies College Abu Omar
  • Jasmina Medical Sciences and Health University
  • Khordassa College of Business & Economics
  • Khordassa University of Engineering and Economics
  • Police Sciences Academy
  • St Samuel International College of Abu Omar
  • St Samuel International University of Abu Omar
  • Umm Najeef University
  • University of Khordassa
  • University of Al Zarqawi
  • University of West Ajaman
  • University of Jasmina
  • University of Kar Meena
  • University of Al Samarrai


Abu Omar has a modern Telecommunication system centered in Ajaman. The main service provider is Omari Sat (جلست العمري), which was founded in 1981.

Abu Omar News Broadcasting Agency, AONBA (Arabic: ابو عمر وكالة الانباء الاذاعيه‎) is a television network headquartered in Ajaman, Abu Omar. AONBA initially launched as an Arabic news and current affairs satellite TV channel of the same name, but has since expanded into a network of several specialty TV channels, including news, sport, movies, documentary and entertainment channels.


The most sport in Abu Omar is motor racing and horse racing, but in recent years, soccer has become huge. The domestic soccer league in Abu Omar has not yet attained the same level as those elsewhere in the region, but the international team has certainly lifted the popularity of soccer in the country. Most of the best Omarian's currently play abroad in St Samuel.

Abu Omar participated in the Baptism of Frost, reaching the Quarter-finals where they lost 2-1 to Jariss. Sixteen year old Omar Nasseredine of Ajaman F.C. was a huge influence in the Omari team notching up six goals in the tournament and becomeing an instant hit with the fans. After the tournament, Nasseredine's agent was barraged by many clubs looking to sign the young striker, who eventually signed for Port Sion of St Samuel for £18,000,000.

In June 2007 Abu Omar host the 1st Abu Omar Camel World Cup held at the exclusive Camel Club Arena in Ajaman.


Leosia Island

Leosia Island, sometimes referred to as, 'The Pearl' and 'Emirates Pearl Island', is a residential, commercial and business project under construction on the natural island of Al Holamwa Isle, located off the southeastern coast of Abu Omar. The development will be connected to the Abu Omar by 3 bridges and be located 20 minutes from the Kar Meena International Airport.

Leosia Island will cover an area of 633 hectares (68 million square feet) and is being built by the Al Ouvri Development comoany. The island is estimated to accommodate 280,000 residents and will include important amenities like schools, medical clinics, shopping malls, restaurants, a 27-hole golf course, hotels, resorts, spas, gardens, and beaches.

Building on the island began in 2001 and is expected to be completed by 2008.

Leosia Island.jpg