Emirate of Lariya
|The Emirate of Lariya|
|Provincial flag||Coat of Arms|
|Motto||"ربك رب قلوب." (Your lord is the lord of hearts)|
Kamal Nazzadallah Al-Koudakis
176,220 sq mi
|Region||United Federal Kingdom of St Samuel|
- Total (2007)
Lariya (Arabic: لريا), officially the Federal Emirate of Lariya, is an Arab emirate of the United Federal Kingdom of St Samuel, located south-east of the Pellina Island. Lariya is bordered by the Emirate of Muhtaseb to the north and the Emirate of Abu Hana to the west; and the Gulf of Dominica Sea to the east and south.
For ancient history see the Pellinese Empire.
Lariya was an Emirate of The Pellinese Empire between 2000 BC to 1200 AD. It's borders have remained unchanged since 954 BC when the council of Elders of the Pellinese Empire divided the empire into 19 Emirate's ruled by local warlords. Lariya was awarded to Nasdaka Lariya, a legendary Pellinese warrior. The emirates capital, Zanobia, founded around 1800 BC, became an important trade port for the Pellinese Empire.
Around 1205AD, Shah Muhamed of the Pellinese Empire called for an army to be raised and asked all the Emirates to send 10,000 men each to fight the Emirate of Samah Island, who had declared itself independant of the Pellinese Empire. The Lariyan Emir at the time, Adham Mirzarhi, refused to support the Shah's call to arm's. Shah Muhamed called for all the Emir's who failed to provide soldiers to be arrested and executed, which in turn sparked the War of the Pellina Island Succession.
The war lasted three months, only ending when Shah Muhamed and his family were killed by Emir Jamal Al Baqara of the Emirate of Salehstan. Emir Mirzarhi raised an army of 20,000 and fought a number of battles against the Shah in the Emirate of Makaoui.
On March the 18th 1206, the 19 Emir's of the former Pellinese Empire met at Intisar (Emirate of Makaoui) and the Treaty of Intisar was signed by all 19 Emir's granting independence to the Emirates. Lariya remained for some 500 years a Theocracy state with the most powerful warlord representing Allah, as the Emir of Lariya. This led to a 500 year period of inter-tribal wars.
St Samuel Period
In 1722, Vincenzo De La Moya, a Samuelonian trader travelled to Lariya, where he founded the Western St Samuel Company in Zanobia and eventually controlled the lucrative the spice trade of the Pellina Island. Inter-tribal wars throught the 1740's led King Isaac Fernandino of St Samuel to send a fleet of naval ships and 5,000 soldiers to protect the Western St Samuel Companies establishments in Zanobia.
Furthing tribal wars in Lariya, saw the city of Zanobia come under threat of the powerful Diswanaq tribe. In May 1747, the Diswanaq tribe attacked the city of Zanobia, which at the time was controlled by the Razirah tribe, Emir Saud Bin Ottaz's tribe. The rise of the Diswanaq tribe threatened to ruin the Western St Samuel Companies monopoly over the spice trade and King Isaac Fernandino sent a further 10,000 troops led by Lord Oscaro Di Piqa to support Emir Bin Ottaz.
Lord Di Piqa was placed in control of Emir Bin Ottaz's army and in a year long campaign, Di Piqa led the Samuelonian/Razirah army against the Diswanaq tribe. Di Piqa was successful in what became known as the Lariyan Spice War and remained in Lariya with a garrison of 10,000 Samuelonian troops. By 1748, King Isaac Fernandino convinced Emir Bin Ottaz to become a protectorate of St Samuel, to protect him from the other tribes of Lariya. Bin Ottaz accepted the King of St Samuel's offer, thus seeing Lariya come under direct control of St Samuel for nearly 250 years.
From 1799 to 1804 the Southern Holdinia Empire supported by the Emirate of Hassia and the Emirate of Makaoui invaded the Emirate of Abu Omar and the Emirate of Abu Hana, in an attempt to gain control of the vital Baba Canal. The Emirates of Abu Omar and Abu Hana quickly recruited the help of St Samuel, and thus becoming protectorates of St Samuel. By November 1804 St Samuel and it's allies were victorious over Southern Holdinia in the Baba Canal War. A large number of Lariyan's were called up to fight for St Samuel during the Baba Canal War.
The Baba Canal War was a small conflict compared to the Great War of Pellina which began in 1812 and saw nearly the whole of the Pellinese Island become a battle ground, where the Arab states allied themselves with either St Samuel or Southern Holdinia. The war had only minor affects on Lariya, other than attacks on the port of Zanobia by the Southern Holdinian navy in 1816 and 1819. During the war around 40,000 Lariyan's were called up to fight for St Samuel in the war. The Great War of Pellina ended in 1827 with victory for St Samuel and it's allies and ending Southern Holdinia's time in the Arab lands.
Lariya was granted independence in 1902 by Queen Mariana I of St Samuel, thus entering a new phase of Lariyan history. A Laiyan noblemen, Namir Al-Sawwiyah, who had served as Governor of the Samuelonian Protectorate of Lariya was made the first President of Lariya.
Al-Sawwiyah held office for 17 years, before his reign as president was ended after he was assaniated. Major-General Gamal Latif-Farooq, commander of the Lariyan army took office and controlled Lariya for some 23 years. President Latif-Farooq died in 1942 of natural causes and the countries first free elections were held in which Mohammed El-Zadda became President. El-Zadda had only been President for two months before he was overthrown by Major-General Mustafa Al-Rahman.
Major-General Mustafa Al-Rahman proved unpopular with the people, who didn't want another military dictatorship. The people of Lariya found a leader in the form of Ali Mohamed Al-Koudakis, from the Al-Koudakis tribe, the last family that reigned as Emir's, whose family were at the time living in exile in Ajaman.
In the spring of 1943, a popular revolt, secretly supported by St Samuel, began which became known as the Lariya Civil War.
The Lariya Civil War
The Civil War of Lariya had Major-General Mustafa Al-Rahman, supported by the majority of the Lariyan army and the Emirate of Muhtaseb on one side, and Ali Mohamed Al-Koudakis, supported by vast amounts of Lariyan's and supported in secret by the Kingdom of St Samuel, the Emirate of Abu Omar and the Emirate of Abu Hana.
After six years of savage fighting and reports of terrible acts by Al-Rahman's men, St Samuel entered the war. After six further months of fighting, Major-General Al-Rahman's General's finally began to turn against him as the tide of the war turned against them. It was on 8th August 1949, Major-General Al-Rahman and his loyal guardsmen made there last brave stand at the Palace of Emir's in Zanobia as troops from the 1st Royal St Samuel Infantry Division surrounded and then stormed the palace killing Al-Rahman.
The day after the death of Al-Rahman, on the 9th August 1949, Ali Mohamed Al-Koudakis was pronounced as Emir of Lariya.
On the 22nd of November 2007, the people of Lariya voted to become an emirate of the United Federal Kingdom of St Samuel, making the region a federal emirate.
Other Cities: Suqeima, Port Mustafa, Al Samriya, Faldagaya, Maktouba, Umm Dasyia, Satwa, Al Hussanein, Al Majaz, Heshamya, Umm Asser, Toukassa, Nadda, Sadr
Muslim 87%, Orthodox Christian 8%, Catholic 5%
Before the discovery of oil the economy of the Lariyan region focused on fishing and pearling. After the introduction of the Abu Hanaian cultured pearl onto the world market in the 1920s and 1930s, Lariya's pearling industry faltered. However, the discovery of oil reserves, beginning in the 1950s, completely transformed the state's economy. Now the emirate has a high standard of living, with many social services offered to its citizens and all the amenities of any modern state.
Lariya's national income primarily derives from oil and natural gas exports. The country has oil estimated at 15 billion barrels (2.4 km³), while gas reserves in the giant west field which straddles the border with Abu Hana and are almost as large as the peninsula itself are estimated to be between 800–900tcf (Trillion Cubic Feet - 1tcf is equal to around 80 million barrels of oil equivalent). Lariyan's wealth and standard of living compare well with St Samuel; Lariya has one of the highest GDP per capita in the Pellina Island.
While oil and gas will probably remain the backbone of Lariya's economy for some time to come, the country seeks to stimulate the private sector and develop a "knowledge economy". In 2000, it established the Lariya Science & Technology Park to attract and serve technology-based companies and entrepreneurs, from overseas and within Lariya. Lariya also established Education City, which consists of international colleges. The government has also established Sports City, aquatic centres, exhibition centres and many other sports related buildings and centres in Zanobia.
Lariya is aiming to become a role model for economic and social transformation in the region. Large scale investment in all social and economic sectors will also lead to the development of a strong financial market. The Lariya Financial Centre provides financial institutions with a world class financial services platform situated in an economy founded on the development of its hydrocarbons resources. It has been created with a long term perspective to support the development of Lariya and the wider region, develop local and regional markets, and strengthen the links between the energy based economies and global financial markets.