In comparative religion, fundamentalism has two main meanings. The first refers to the literal interpretation of religious texts such as the Bible, Qu'ran, or Tannakh. The second refers to any religiously based anti-modernist movement.
Fundamentalism is a recurring historical phenomenon not limited to any time, place, or faith. In some cases, most notably in the Reich and Greater Prussia, fundamentalism is enforced by the state or is culturally dominant. However, fundamentalism is present as a minority movement in most modern nations.
While fundamentalism is often associated with large-scale sentient rights violations like those which took place in Marlund prior to the Second Ambaran War. However, in most western nations, the agenda of fundamentalist movements is much more moderate, normally involving bans on abortion, a return to a more patriarchal family structure, greater restrictions on sexuality, and various other restrictions specific to a given culture or faith.
Many groups described as fundamentalist deny this label because of its negative connotation or because it links them to other groups or movements which they reject.