Grand Dukes of Saxmere
Grand Dukes of the Lowland Grand Duchy of Saxmere
1652 - Grand Duchy established to defend Lowland Catholics from Highland Kingdom of Excalbia.
1652 - 1683 John I - United Lowland Catholics against pagan Highlanders.
1683 - 1695 John II
1695 - 1709 Patrick I
1709 - 1731 Gregory
1731 - 1746 Michael I
1746 - 1751 Marguerite
1751 - 1776 John III
1776 - 1787 Michael II
1787 - 1791 Thomas
1791 - 1806 Patrick II - Deposed by Council of Ministers.
Republic of Saxmere
1806 - Grand Duke deposed; independent Republic proclaimed.
1809 - Republic annexed as autonomous province of Holy Empire of Excalbia.
Sovereign State of Saxmere
1829 - Saxmere incorporated into Confederation of Sovereign States as a founding member.
Grand Dukes of the Autonomous Grand Duchy of Saxmere
2006 - Grand Duchy reestablished as autonomous province of the Confederation of Sovereign States.
2006 - present James - A descendant of Patrick II.