Nyssa is a federal democratic state, consisting of 15 provinces. The country is being ruled by a committee of seven councilors and a bi-chamber parliament. The judicative branch is separated from the political powers.
All constitutional power is given to the National Council. The National Council consists of 300 Representatives that represent the citizens of Nyssa. The number of Representatives a province may send to the National Council depends on the number of people living in that province.
The Senator Council consists of 45 Senators and may modify (cut, extend, change) proposals it received from the National Council, but it can not start it's own proposals. Each province may send exactly 3 Senators to the Senator Council.
If a proposal is being modified by the Senator Council, it must be returned to the National Council which has to accept the changes or modify it again. If the National Council modifies the proposal one more time, it must again pass the Senator Council.
In case the two chambers can not find a common solution to solve a proposal (which is after more than 3 round-trips), a Unification Commission is built that contains 11 members of the parliament: 6 Representatives and 5 Senators. The president of the Unification Commission must be a member of the National Council and has the ability to make a decision in case of a dead lock situation.
Once both chambers of the parliament (or the Unification Commission) have finished a proposal, it is given to the National Executive Committee.
The National Executive Committee (also known as NEC) consists of 7 councilors. Each of them is the head of a department that contains Ministries or other state-run offices or authorities. The NEC operates as a collective – therefore, every councilor has equal rights. The Federal President of the NEC only has minor privileges over the other 6 members, such as planning and scheduling meetings. The Federal President also has permission to make a decision in case of a dead lock situation.
There are three major parties in Nyssa: The Republicans, the Social-Democrats and the Free Liberals.
The Republican Party is a right-wing party that stands for a light state administration, low taxes and conservative views. Typical subjects of the party are migration, freedom of speech as well as safety and security.
The Social-Democratic Party is a left-wing party that stands for large “public service” and favors a strong state. Typical subjects of the party are social security, health care and environmental protection issues.
The Free Liberal Democratic Party is a liberal “middle” party that mostly stands for a light-weight state administration, large business freedoms and also liberal domestic policies. Typical subjects of the party are economy, business freedom and liberal civil rights.
It is very difficult for candidates who are not a member of a party to gain enough support and financial power to win a seat in the parliament. Usually there are approximately one or two “free” Representations in the National Council and up to 10 “free” judges at the Supreme Court. There were never “free” members of the Senator Council or the National Executive Committee so far.
Renewal elections are held every four years in the second Sunday of October. All citizens of Nyssa who are at least 18 years old may vote for a new parliament or run for a seat in one of its chambers.
Every province is a complete electoral area. A province may send one Representative per 50,000 people to the National Council and exactly three Senators to the Senator council.
The voter receives up to four lists from each party or a “free group”. There are two lists per chamber. One of these contains printed names of candidates the party has nominated for a council. The voter may now draw a cross at the name of the candidate he/she wishes to vote for. If the candidate is not on the list of (suggested/supported) nominees, the voter may use the empty list and write down the name of the candidate he/she wishes to vote for. In case the voter does not wish to explicitly vote for a specific candidate, he/she may submit the empty list of the desired party. The distribution of the seat is then up to the party/fraction.
Every voter has as many votes as his/her province has seats in the National Council, which means that the number of names (or fields in the empty lists) may vary in each province, while the number of names (or fields in the empty lists) will always be three.
This means, all candidates on a (printed or hand-written) list of a party receive a vote from that voter. If a hand-written list contains fewer names than seats assigned to the province – the list will be “filled up” with the remaining candidates from the printed list.
In addition to these printed or empty lists of political parties and “free groups” the voter also receives a completely empty list. This list may be used, if the voter wishes to mix candidates from multiple parties or groups. In that case, the voter should supply as many names as there are fields on that empty list, otherwise his/her remaining votes are lost (remain unused).
The seats assigned with the province are distributed under the candidates or parties (empty lists) with the best electoral results.
The National Executive Committee is elected indirectly by both chambers of the parliament. This election must take place in the first 10 days after the parliament has been elected.
The in-percentage strength of a political party in the parliament (both chambers) defines how the NEC-Seats are distributed between the parties. In case of an unclear mathematical situation (e.g. rounding) the strongest party in the parliament may receive a third seat in the NEC.
The political parties nominate candidates for the NEC, regardless of their desired/future department. A candidate is elected (confirmed) if he/she receives at least 2/3 of the votes.
The term of the National Executive Committee starts on the first day in January in the New Year after the parliament has been elected. (The official start of work is January 3). It is up to the NEC-councilors to distribute the departments inside the NEC. The members must however vote for a Federal President and complete the department assignments on their first day of work at the latest.
Judges of the Supreme Court are elected indirectly in the same way by both chambers of the parliament. The candidate is elected if he/she receives at least 2/3 of the votes.
Replacement elections are held only for members of the NEC and the Supreme Court Judges. These must take place within 30 days after a seat has become available. If a seat is available in the parliament, the candidate with the next best voter result automatically follows, regardless of the party.
In case the Federal President can not complete his/her term, a replacement election must be held as soon as the National Executive Committee is complete again.
It is the NEC that talks to foreign governments or authorities. The parliament (or a parliament’s commission) will actually perform the foreign policies in the background, giving proposals to the responsible NEC-councilor.
Usually the NEC-councilor responsible to a specific governmental business will be the discussion partner for the foreign delegation, or the NEC-councilor responsible to Foreign Affairs for more generic issues. For representative and celebrative events, the state is represented by the Federal President.
Below is a list of all Federal NEC-Departments and their Ministries, Offices and Authorities including a brief description of their responsibility:
Federal Department of Foreign Affairs
Head of Department: Councilor Céline Schmid
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Federal Department of Domestic Affairs
Head of Department: Councilor Christoph Müller
- Ministry of Culture
- Federal Meteorological Institute
- Ministry of Public Health
- Federal Medical Agency
- Federal Statistical Office
- Ministry of Social Security
- Federal Science Agency
Federal Department of Justice and Police
Head of Department: Councilor Richard Hob
- Ministry of Justice
- Ministry of Police
- Ministry of Migration
- Federal Prosecutor Office
- Federal Agency of Intellectual Law
Federal Department of Finance and Treasury
Head of Department: Councilor Konrad Dahinden
- Federal Finance Administration
- National Bank
- Federal Mint Works
- Federal Office of Personnel
- Federal Tax Administration
- Federal Customs Administration
- Federal Banking Commission
- Federal Audit Office
Federal Department of Economic Affairs
Head of Department: Councilor Rudolf Segesser
- Federal Consumer Protection Office
- Ministry of Economic Affairs
- Ministry of Education
- Ministry of Agriculture
- Federal Veterinary Office
- Federal Competition Commission
Federal Department of Military and Home Protection
Head of Department: Councilor Matthias Keckeis
- Office of the Military Attorney General
- Ministry of Defense
- Ministry of Civil Protection
Federal Department of Transport, Communication and Energy
Head of Department: Councilor Moritz Waldner
- Ministry of Spatial Development
- Ministry of Transport
- Ministry of Civil Aviation
- Ministry of Water Supply
- Ministry of Energy
- Ministry of Communication
- Atlantian Oceania on NSwiki
- Main articles: Atlantian Oceania, AO QuickInfo
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- Regional info: Atlantian Oceania Regional Defence Organisation, Atlantian Oceania Regional Free Trade Organisation, Atlantian Oceania UN Voting, Lake Bekk, Major airports in Atlantian Oceania
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